The Anatomy Of Fraud: CBI’s Probe Reveals Multi-Crore Export Scam at Nhava Sheva

In a recent revelation that has sent shockwaves through the Indian export sector, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has exposed a multi-crore rupee export scam at Maharashtra’s Nhava Sheva port, raising serious questions about the integrity of the country’s export benefit schemes. This fraudulent scheme, meticulously orchestrated over the past six years, has allegedly involved a network of individuals conspiring to exploit the government’s export promotion initiatives for personal gain.

Unraveling the Scam

The modus operandi of this elaborate scam involved the fabrication of export transactions to claim duty drawback benefits wrongfully. Under the guise of legitimate exports, individuals reportedly manipulated shipping documents and customs procedures to avail significant rebates, amounting to crores of rupees, from the Central government’s duty drawback scheme.

The Alleged Frauds

According to the CBI investigation, the fraudulent activities encompassed a spectrum of criminal acts, including criminal conspiracy, cheating, forgery, and misconduct by public servants. In one egregious instance, a staggering amount of Rs 4,74,90,899 was fraudulently disbursed as duty drawback. This figure is just a fraction of the total sum involved in the scam, with other cases amounting to Rs 4,04,90,661 and Rs 7,08,615, respectively.

Duty Drawback Scheme

The duty drawback scheme, administered by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC), is designed to incentivize exports by providing refunds on customs and excise duties paid on imported and excisable materials used in the production of exported goods. However, in this instance, the scheme was allegedly exploited to claim benefits for goods that were never actually exported, thereby defrauding the exchequer.

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The Actors Involved

Central to the investigation are 17 customs officials, including superintendents of customs and preventive officers, who are suspected of colluding with exporters to facilitate the fraudulent transactions. Additionally, over a dozen exporters and two dozen companies with import-export codes (IEC) are under scrutiny for their alleged roles in the conspiracy.

Examining the Records

The CBI’s probe extends to scrutinizing Export General Manifest (EGM) records spanning the past six years. The EGM serves as a crucial document, detailing the consignments, shipping bill numbers, and container information for goods leaving Indian shores. Investigators are meticulously combing through these records to trace the extent of the fraud.

Previous Investigations

This isn’t the first instance of such malpractice coming to light. In 2017, the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) unearthed a similar syndicate involved in filing bogus shipping bills to fraudulently availing duty drawback benefits. The involvement of customs officers in processing these bills raised serious concerns about systemic vulnerabilities within the export clearance process.

Allegations of Corruption

Amidst the unfolding investigation, allegations of corruption have further complicated the matter. One of the key accused individuals has accused public servants of soliciting bribes to influence the case in their favour. These allegations underscore the pervasive nature of corruption within certain segments of the bureaucracy, posing significant challenges to the enforcement of accountability measures.


The exposé of this extensive export scam at Maharashtra’s Nhava Sheva port underscores the urgent need for robust oversight mechanisms and stringent enforcement of anti-corruption measures within India’s export ecosystem. As the investigation unfolds, authorities must hold the perpetrators accountable and implement reforms to safeguard the integrity of the country’s trade processes.

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