Logistics Ease Across Different States (LEADS) Report 2023 Unveiled: A Comprehensive Overview

On 16th December, the Union Minister of Commerce & Industry, Piyush Goyal, released the much-awaited Logistics Ease Across Different State (LEADS) 2023 Report. The event, held in New Delhi, witnessed the presence of key dignitaries, including Smt. Sumita Dawra, Special Secretary (Logistics), DPIIT, Mr. Sajiv Puri, President-Designate of CII & MD ITC, and Mr. Mihir Shah, Partner, Ernst & Young.

Addressing the gathering, Sh. Piyush Goyal emphasized that LEADS provides crucial insights for states and union territories, fostering revolutionary reforms in the logistics sector, and aligning with the vision of a developed India (Viksit Bharat).

He first emphasized the need for a concentrated effort on skill development and capacity building within the logistics sector. Additionally, he underscored the importance of formalizing logistics processes to enhance efficiency. Secondly, Goyal stressed the active involvement of states, urging the formulation of specific logistics policies and a robust monitoring framework. He also proposed, harnessing new technologies such as blockchain, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and data analytics to optimize supply chain management. Lastly, he urged for a circular and sustainable approach, promoting green logistics as a central objective.

The LEADS report acts as a guiding beacon for stakeholders, offering strategic insights to instill healthy competition among states and UTs, ultimately enhancing logistics performance. Noteworthy initiatives such as PM GatiShakti infrastructure planning, logistics industry status, multimodal connectivity, and digital logistics were underscored. The minister stressed the importance of skill development, capacity building, formalizing logistics policies, and promoting green logistics for sustained growth.

Rajesh Kumar Singh, Secretary, DPIIT, highlighted the role of digitization in significantly reducing logistics costs. The past nine years witnessed substantial interventions in critical logistics areas, resulting in sectoral growth. Reforms in Ease of Doing Business, reduced compliance burden, and ongoing efforts to minimize regulatory costs were acknowledged.

The LEADS report, conceived in 2018 along the lines of the World Bank’s Logistics Performance Index, has evolved to incorporate both perception and objectivity. The 5th edition, LEADS 2023, provides insights into the enhancement of logistics performance across states and union territories. It focuses on Logistics Infrastructure, Logistics Services, and Operating and Regulatory Environment, empowering governments with region-specific insights for informed decision-making.

This year’s report is based on a pan-India primary survey conducted between May and July 2023, covering over 7,300 responses across 36 states/UTs. Additionally, more than 750 stakeholder consultations facilitated by national, regional, and state associations contributed significantly to the evaluation.

  • Achievers: Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
  • Fast Movers: Kerala, Maharashtra
  • Aspirers: Goa, Odisha, West Bengal
  • Achievers: Haryana, Punjab, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh
  • Fast Movers: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand
  • Aspirers: Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand
  • Achievers: Assam, Sikkim, Tripura
  • Fast Movers: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland
  • Aspirers: Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram
  • Achievers: Chandigarh, Delhi
  • Fast Movers: Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Puducherry
  • Aspirers: Daman & Diu/ Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh

Sumita Dawra, Special Secretary (Logistics), DPIIT, highlighted the collaborative and consultative development of the LEADS report. She said that it brings objectivity to the assessment of infrastructure development and process-related reforms. “Notably, 23 states/UTs have aligned their logistics policies with the National Logistics Policy, while 16 have granted industry status to logistics. Digital reforms, including PM GatiShakti, Logistics Data Bank, Unified Logistics Interface Platform (ULIP), and GST, are contributing to India’s improved global ranking,” said Dawra.

  • Among the Achievers in the logistics index chart were Andhra Pradesh, Assam, and Gujarat, along with 15 other states/UTs.
  • Fast Movers included Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Puducherry, Sikkim, and Tripura.
  • Aspirers encompassed Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Mizoram, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Ladakh, Nagaland, Jammu and Kashmir, and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Gujarat retained the top position, followed by Haryana and Punjab.

The LEADS Report, initiated in 2018, aims to rank Indian states and UTs based on the efficiency of their logistics ecosystems. It provides insights into challenges and shortcomings, suggesting remedial practices for continued improvement in the industry.

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