In the run-up to the unprecedented Covid-19 vaccine roll-out in India, the Centre has directed all the states and Union Territories (UTs) to conduct a dry run of the immunisation drive on Saturday to gauge the preparedness of the healthcare ecosystem.
The dry run will also check the preparedness and abilities of health authorities to manage vaccine supply, storage and logistics, including cold chain management.
All the state capitals will conduct the dry run on Saturday at three session sites, some of which might be in difficult terrain with poor logistical support.
So far, the government has trained 96,000 vaccinators for the world’s largest immunisation exercise. A helpline, 104, is also being processed by states for any vaccine-related queries.
“The objective of the dry run is to assess operational feasibility in the use of Co-WIN application in field environment, test the linkages between planning and implementation, and identify the challenges and guide way forward prior to actual implementation. This is also expected to give confidence to programme managers at various levels.”~The Union Health Ministry
29,000 cold chain points, 240 walk-in coolers, 70 walk-in freezers, 45,000 ice-lined refrigerators, 41,000 deep freezers, and 300 solar refrigerators will be required as the vaccine is rolled out across the country, as per the Ministry’s estimates.
The ministry had earlier said that of the 23.9-million vaccinators — auxiliary nurses and midwives-who provide vaccination under the universal immunisation programme, 15.4 million will be used for COVID vaccination.
Also, the medical officer in charge will identify 25 test beneficiaries (healthcare workers) at each session site and their data will be uploaded on the Co-WIN app as mentioned in the operational guidelines by the Health Ministry.
For ensuring that there is adequate space, logistics arrangements, Internet connectivity, electricity, and safety, there will also be physical verification of all the proposed sites.
For instance, the three model session sites in each state must have separate entry and exit points in a ‘three-room set-up’ with adequate space outside for awareness activities.
States should have identified vaccination teams and made sure they are well-versed in the standard operating procedures and trained for administering the vaccine.
A key focus of the dry run will be on managing any possible adverse events following immunisation, in addition to the adherence and management of infection control practices at the session site, to prevent transmission of the disease.
The first round of the dry run was conducted in Assam , Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Punjab on December 28-29, 2020, in two districts each where five session sites with 25 beneficiaries each were identified. “No major issues were observed in the operational aspects during this dry run. All states expressed confidence in the operational guidelines and IT platform for large-scale programme implementation,” the Ministry said
The dry run will involve concurrent monitoring and review at the block and district levels and preparation of feedback, which will then be passed on to the Ministry.